Kapardak (Kapardika) Bhasma – Cowrie Bhasma Uses Benefits & Side Effects

What is Kapardak (Kapardika) Bhasma

Kapardak Bhasma which is also known as Kapardika Bhasma, Cowrie Bhasma, Varatika Bhasma, & Kaudi Bhasma is an Ayurvedic medicine. This Bhasma is made from shells. You must have heard the name of yellow cowrie and white cowrie, which have great importance in astrology. This Kowri or Kodi is easily available in the market during Deepawali.

The Kowri originates from the ocean and is a type of calcium carbonate. Most of the yellow kauri is consumed in Ayurveda and it is used as Kapardaka Bhasma. The effect of this drug is hot and it is mainly used in hyperacidity, the sour taste of the mouth, heartburn, and dyspepsia (indigestion).

Ingredients and making of Kapardak Bhasma

Yellow kauri is considered the best for making Kapardak Bhasma. A kauri which is yellow in color, long and round in shape and has bumps on its back is called Vratika Kodi and is used to make ash.

To make Kodi Bhasma, the Kodi is first purified and then it is ground in a fine powder. This is called Kapardak Bhasma, which is used as a medicine in many diseases.

 

Chemical Constitution of Kapardak Bhasma

Kapardak Bhasma mainly contains calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Other minerals are also present in it. The Inorganic and organic constituents present in it are as follows:

Ash 2.06%
Calcium 19.32%
Nitrogen 0.72%
Organic Carbon 1.09%
Phosphorus 0.62%
Sodium 1.36%
Sulfur 0.94%
Boron 0.06 ppm
Copper 0.42 ppm
Iron 113.6 ppm
Manganese 19.62 ppm
Molybdenum 0.03 ppm
Zinc 1.48 ppm
Alkaloids 0.05 mg per Kg
Flavonoids 0.21 mg per Kg
Glycosides 0.05 mg per Kg
Lignin 0.04 mg per Kg
Tanin 0.19 mg per Kg
Reference & Credit: CHEMICAL STANDARDIZATION STUDIES ON VARATIKA (KAPARDIKA) BHASMA, CARISM, SASTRA UNIVERSITY, THANJAVUR

Ayurvedic Properties of Kapardak Bhasma

Taste – RASA KATU (Pungent), TIKTA (Bitter)
Main Quality – GUNA LAGHU (Light), RUKSHA (Dry), TIKSHNA (Sharp)
Potency – VIRYA USHNA (Hot)
Resultant – VIPAKA KATU (Pungent)
Therapeutic Effect – PRABHAVA Digestive
DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors) Pacifies mainly KAPHA, SAAMA PITTA, and SAAMA VATA
Dhatu (Tissue) Effect RASA
Beneficial for Organs Abdominal Organs (stomach, liver, spleen, duodenum), Eyes and Lungs
Potential Action LEKHANA

Note: The action of Kapardika Bhasma is on KAPHA and VATA dosha according to the above ayurvedic properties, but it is also alkaline medicine, which balances the acid secretion in the stomach. According to Ayurveda, PITTA has AMAL GUNA (sour quality). Cowry Bhasma reduces the AMAL GUNA of the PITTA. Therefore, it is also considered as PITTASHAMAK (Pitta Pacifier).

 

Medicinal Properties of Kapardak Bhasma

  • Digestive Stimulant
  • Antacid
  • Anodyne
  • Antispasmodic
  • Carminative
  • Antiemetic
  • Aam Pachak (Detoxifier)
  • Antiflatulent
  • Antiulcerogenic
  • Mucolytic
  • Astringent

Therapeutic Indications of Kapardak Bhasma

  1. Abdominal pain
  2. Bloating
  3. Flatulence
  4. Duodenal ulcer
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Irritable bowel syndrome
  7. The sour taste of the mouth
  8. Dyspepsia (indigestion)
  9. Otorrhea

Kapardak Bhasma Benefits

Kapardak Bhasma is useful is many diseases related to stomach. Here we have given full detail about it. 

Kapardak Bhasma Uses in Hyperacidity

Due to many reasons like indigestion, an increase of bile, etc, someone undergoes hyperacidity. Kapardak Bhasma has alkaline effect, and that is why it is highly effective in stamach acidity problem. 

Kapardak Bhasma Uses in inflammation of intestines

This drug has anti-inflammatory properties. This drug removes the intestinal air so that flatulence is cured. Apart from this, it also cures inflammation in the stomach.

In this disease, taking this medicine with cow’s ghee and sugar candy gives very good benefits. If Arogyavardhini Vati is used with this medicine, then it gives very quick relief.

Kapardak Bhasma Uses in Stomach Pain

If there is a pain in the stomach due to gas and feeling of heaviness in the stomach, then this drug can be taken as an auxiliary medicine. In stomach pain, this drug is consumed with cow’s ghee and sugar candy.

Kapardak Bhasma Uses in Sour Belching

Due to indigestion, excess of bile some people undergoes sour belching. In this situation Kapardak Bhasma is very useful. 

Dosage & Directions

  • Take 250 mg to 500 mg twice a day, morning and evening.
  • Take it with butter or cream. This drug can harm the tongue when taken alone. 
  • Or take as directed by a doctor.

Precautions & Side Effects

  • This drug should be taken only as advised by the doctor.
  • This medicine should not be taken in excess.
  • Putting this medicine on the tongue can cause cracks on the tongue, so this drug should be taken only with cow’s ghee, Giloy Sat or honey.
  • This drug should be kept away from children.

 

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